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Pre-emptive Rights – Who Do They Benefit?

What is a Pre-emptive Rights Clause? Pre-emptive rights clauses can protect existing shareholders from the dilution of their proportionate holdings, and is a type of protection sought by founders a...

Dividends: What, When, How?

Dividend structuring and timing are making headlines presently. (For example:  The Globe and Mail:  Ottawa to rein in income 'sprinkling' by wealthy Canadians and the Financial Post: What the ...

What voting rights do non-voting shareholders have?

A common question that entrepreneurs/inventors have when incorporating is how to structure the business. The options for structuring a business can be overwhelming, especially when it come...

Overview of Shareholders Agreement

Overview of Shareholders Agreements   What is this document? A Shareholders’ Agreement (sometimes known as a Stockholder Agreement) governs the relationship between the corporation an...

What legal documents are required to connect an inventor with an investor?

Startups depend upon funding, so preparing the right documents can help you obtain the funding you need. Due Diligence No matter what stage or type of funding is at hand, the biggest thing...

Blog Bite: What problems can arise when a company does not draft a shareholders’ agreement?

This article posted on our partner site Mondaq.com presents a situation when a company did not have a shareholders' agreement, the circumstances that followed and how the shareholders' agreement cou...

Legal Tips & Tricks: Negotiating an Agreement should Start with a Blank Page

When entering into an important contract, take the time to discuss with your business partners, advisors and legal counsel, to make sure that you are clear about your opportunities and risks.  In thi...

Blog Bite: What is the underlying advantages of a shareholders’ agreement?

This article posted on our partner site Mondaq.com explains the common clauses that are found in a shareholders' agreement and how they are beneficial in the event it is required. This comes to y...

Blog Bite: When and how should you execute an effective unanimous shareholders’ agreement?

This article posted on our partner site Mondaq.com discusses the importance of executing a unanimous shareholders' agreement (USA) to deal with matters of particular significance to the shareholders...

Blog Bite: What are the benefits of drafting a shareholders’ agreement when I hope to never use one?

This article posted on our partner site Mondaq.com explains the benefits of a shareholders' agreement by analogizing the agreement to a marital agreement, that you hope to never need it, but are hap...

What Rights Attach to Your Shares?

Entrepreneurs and investors are rightly concerned about what rights attach to their shares, and what mechanisms are in place to protect those rights. A recent decision of the Ontario Court of Ap...

Legal Tips and Tricks: “Shotgun Clause”

When trying to separate from a co-founder or partner, shareholders carefully review the “shotgun” clause in their shareholder’s agreement.  Shotgun or a compulsory buy/sell provisions are used ...

Role of the Board of Directors: To Protect the Investors

Many early stage companies are directed by a unanimous shareholder agreement, under which the shareholders take control away from the board and make all decisions by requiring a unanimous vote...

Blog Bite: How can a shareholders’ agreement help a start-up company and what situations could potentially arise that could be navigated through a shareholders’ agreement?

This article posted on our partner site Mondaq.com discusses the use of a shareholders' agreement to confront the challenges that arise when building a successful company. A properly drafted shareho...

Blog Bite: How can a corporation enjoy tax benefits offered to Canadian-Controlled Private Corporations when the majority of its shareholders are non-residents?

This article posted on our partner site Mondaq.com refers to a recent Tax Court of Canada decision to make it clear that a corporation can now receive the tax benefits offered to Canadian-Controlled...

Blog Bite: Why should companies execute an effectively drafted shareholders’ agreement?

This article posted on our partner site Mondaq.com discusses why companies should execute a shareholders' agreement. The author outlines some of the most common and important shareholder provisions ...

Blog Bite: What clauses should be considered in drafting a shareholders’ agreement that benefits all shareholders?

This article posted on our partner site Mondaq.com explores five of the most common clauses in shareholders' agreements: shotgun clause, hard right of first refusal, soft right of first refusal, dra...

Blog Bite: Are there legal questions that corporations should ask themselves before “being charitable”?

This article posted on our partner site Mondaq.com discusses some of the legal questions that corporations wishing to financially support a registered charity using company time or money (i.e., enga...

Blog Bite: Can a corporation be considered a Canadian controlled private corporation for taxation purposes when a majority of the voting shares are held by non-residents if the USA prevents non-resident shareholders from electing a majority of the directors?

This article posted on our partner site Mondaq.com is about how relevant the provisions of a USA are for determining tax status particularly as a Canadian controlled private corporation. The author ...

Blog Bite: What are some things to keep in mind when drafting a shareholders’ agreement?

This article posted on our partner site Mondaq.com discusses certain issues that should be resolved and addressed when developing a shareholders' agreement. Whether or not shareholders are family re...
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