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What is the difference between a confidential disclosure agreement (CDA) and a non-disclosure agreement (NDA)?

A number of agreements can contain the same clauses to protect certain information but still have different agreement names. For example, a software development agreement can also be known as a ...

Can emails be considered confidential information, and therefore can come under the obligation to return or destroy?

COURT ORDERS DELETION OF CONFIDENTIAL EMAILS Pakage Apparel Inc. v. Ellis 2014 BCSC 884 (CanLII) In this case, the court implied that even though the defendants (who had been principals in the c...

Does the improper disclosure of confidential information always result in damages?

MISUSE OF CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION DID NOT RESULT IN DAMAGES Edac Inc. v. Tullo 1999 CanLII 14868 (ON SC) Before resigning from his senior management employment position with the plaintiff, an e...

Why is it important to give notice of disclosure required by law?

EXPERT WITNESS DISQUALIFIED DUE TO CONFIDENTIALITY OBLIGATIONS TO OTHER PARTY Abbott Laboratories v. Canada (Minister of Health) 2006 FC 76 (CanLII) A motion to retain a proposed expert was dism...

What is the maximum term of an NDA if it is not mentioned in the contract?

Casey Marshall / Flickr  When signing a non-disclosure agreement, the benefits of including a term clause (i.e., end of the contractual obligations) depend on whether you are more likely to be...

The Scope of your Confidential Information: Too Broad, Too Narrow, or Just Right?

In our office, and no doubt in many others, the non-disclosure agreement (NDA) is considered a stepping stone into the world of contracts because of their straightforwardness. The purpose of an NDA is...

NDA before Negotiations! Otherwise, Risk a Leak of Confidential Information

A party that allowed access to its confidential designs but took no action to protect themselves beyond signing a confidentiality agreement with the company, lost their dispute. This article discu...

Confidential Information & Name For Your Product

Allowing a provision under Toxic Chemical Substances Act to remain intact, allows manufacturers to use a generic name when publicly disclosing an industrial chemical they produce rather than the scien...

When a Confidentiality Agreement Isn’t Enough…

When determining how to protect specific confidential information, it is important to consider whether the terms of the confidentiality agreement offer at least the level of protection available under...

Is An NDA Always A Good Idea?

  Entrepreneurs often assume that using an NDA will provide the tightest security possible for their confidential information. This is not always true. The tightest security possible is...

Inter-lapping Business Documents and Employees’ Private Property

The article discusses an employee's general duty of confidentiality to an employer. Although there are some circumstances where there is an implied duty of confidentiality, it is better that the emplo...

Data Security is Essential for Company Credibility

This month Home Depot announced that it was hacked and that 56 million credit-card accounts were compromised, and that around 53 million customer email addresses were stolen as well.  This Wall Stree...
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