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How to Properly Sign a Contract – e-Signatures

Except for few specific circumstances, it is almost considered ancient to have parties to a contract physically meet up to a sign a contract in a boardroom. With the fast-paced lifestyles of most high-level executives, a more efficient method of signing contracts has been introduced: the e-Signature.

 

Although convenient, do e-signatures really create a valid and binding contract? Can e-signatures really replace hand-written signatures?

 

The Law

 

An e-signature can be considered a valid signature. In various jurisdictions, legislatures have enacted laws to deal with electronic signatures. For example, section 11 of Ontario’s Electronic Commerce Act provides:

 

“Subject to subsections (3) and (4), a legal requirement that a document be signed is satisfied by an electronic signature.”

 

But what if you didn’t provide the e-signature?

 

In a recent case, Ghaed v Telus Communications Co, 2013, (BC) the plaintiff disputed his obligation to make a payment under a signed services contract. The plaintiff argued that although the agreement had his electronic signature, since he had not placed the electronic signature on the agreement, he was not bound by it. It was established that the signature had been placed on the agreement by his office manager. The office manager stated she was given express consent by the plaintiff to accept the services contract. Based on this sequence of events, including an opportunity for the plaintiff to terminate the contract, the court found that the services contract was valid and binding on the plaintiff.

 

The Exceptions

 

An electronic signature may not be an acceptable method of signature for all legal agreements. The following agreements cannot be validated by an electronic signature (in Ontario):

 

  • Wills and codicils;

  • Promissory notes; and

  • Documents transferring land title.

Before you e-sign away…

 

  • Ensure that you have agreed to all the terms of the agreement and the other party’s information has been included in the execution line.

  • The electronic signature should be reliable in identifying the signee. A simple copied image of a signature may not be traceable to the signee. However, a digital signature used in conjunction with a document signing software may suffice as reliable in identifying the signee.

  • In order to avoid uncertainty and a potential dispute, it may be a good idea either to confirm with the other party that electronic signatures are permissible for the execution of the contract, or to include a clause in the contract recognizing the validity of electronic signatures.

 

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This article is provided for informational purposes only and does not create a lawyer-client relationship with the reader. It is not legal advice and should not be regarded as such. Any reliance on the information is solely at the reader’s own risk. Clausehound.com is a legal tool geared towards entrepreneurs, early-stage businesses and small businesses alike to help draft legal documents to make businesses more productive. Clausehound offers a $10 per month DIY Legal Library which hosts tens of thousands of legal clauses, contracts, articles, lawyer commentaries and instructional videos. Find Clausehound.com where you see this logo.

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What should I look for in a commercial lease?

While most commercial leases are standard, you should still be careful about what you sign. The fine print matters, and every clause is important! For example, you may find yourself locked into a lease renewal you didn’t want, or  you may discover that you have agreed to absurd hikes in monthly rent payments.

Here are 6 of the many clauses to be aware of before entering into a commercial lease!

 

 

1. Renewal Clause

Most leases are for 1+ years. Once the term is over, you typically begin to occupy the space on a month-to-month basis. In some leases, a renewal clause may be included which would allow you to continue occupying the space under the same or similar terms and conditions.

 

Renewal may be automatic or optional on mutual agreement by the landlord and the tenant. Automatic renewal clauses will extend the lease for a stated period of time, unless you give notice of non-renewal within a stated period of time, and by using the stated notification process. If you have the option to renew, you may be in a position to renegotiate your agreement. Either way, pay close attention to the renewal clause as certain dates will be included as well as the procedure for initiating the negotiation procedure, such as providing notice to the landlord of your intent to renegotiate. The deadlines to this process are essential. It is a good idea to mark these dates in your calendar, and give yourself a notice period so that you can prepare to either renegotiate, or to find other premises to rent.

 

Signature, Sign, Writing, Pen, Author

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2. Acceleration Clause

An acceleration clause provides the landlord with the right to demand the entire balance of the unpaid rent for the remainder of the term. Usually, the landlord is entitled to collect monthly payments as they become due. In spite of this, in the event that some payments are missed, the acceleration clause allows a landlord to mitigate damages by invoking this right before looking to court proceedings. Acceleration clauses can vary greatly so it’s important to know exactly what a landlord can demand from you in the event of a default under the lease.

 

3. Rent and Rent Increases

Many commercial leases will provide for a ‘base rent’ and ‘additional rent’. Be sure to calculate the total amount of rent when determining whether the lease is right for you. The total rent can be more than twice as much as the base rent once all costs have been included. Standard rent increases will likely be included in your lease, but changes in utilities or other shared costs may also result in proportional rent increases.

 

The occurrence of specific events (eg. an increase in property taxes on the premises) may also impact your rent. If you are signing a ‘net lease’, make sure you understand all the additional responsibilities you may have (eg. HVAC repairs) in addition to rent. Depending on the type of lease you are signing, make sure to read it carefully, or speak with a lawyer who can explain it to you, so that you know what to expect.

 

4. Utilities Payments

Utilities may be included in the rent but take caution. If you are listed as a utility account holder, then you’ll be liable for those payments. There are different combinations of utilities that may be included in your monthly rental payment. If you are in a position to negotiate, you may be able to reduce your rent depending on the extra utilities you’ll be paying for.

5. Sublease & Assignment

Your lease may allow you to sublease or assign your obligations, so look for provisions allowing for either right.

 

In a sublease, a subtenant would rent a portion of the property or even the entire property from you for a short period of time. A new agreement would be drafted between you and the subtenant, but you are still responsible for all obligations to the landlord. Such a provision will provide that landlord approval is required for any subleasing activities.

 

In an assignment, the assignee is agreeing to carry out your agreement with the landlord for the remainder of the term. The assignee will be responsible for all obligations to the landlord. Similarly, a clause allowing for assignment will require approval from the landlord so that certain checks, such as background or credit, may be conducted, and the lease can be amended accordingly. You should read the assignment carefully, because you or your guarantor may still be liable for the obligations under the lease until its termination. Be sure to obtain a release from the landlord and the assignee, if possible.

Calculator, Table, Bill, Work, Pay

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6. Common Elements

Use and access to common elements will often be included as a clause. Not all common elements are “common”. For example, the landlord or other tenants may have exclusive possession or use of a common element, such as a parking spot. Make sure you understand how you can use these common elements or areas. Be aware of your responsibilities for garbage and snow removal as well.

 

You will also want to be aware of many other aspects of the lease – what use you can make of the premises; what types of insurance you must obtain; what hours your business must/may operate; what signage is permissible; what repairs are the landlord’s responsibility; who will pay for improvements to the premises etc. Be sure to consult a legal advisor if you are unclear about your obligations!

 

Check out commercial lease templates and samples of the clauses discussed here in the Clausehound Small Business Law Library!

 

This blog was co-authored by Vi Vo.

 

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This article is provided for informational purposes only and does not create a lawyer-client relationship with the reader. It is not legal advice and should not be regarded as such. Any reliance on the information is solely at the reader’s own risk. Clausehound.com is a legal tool geared towards entrepreneurs, early-stage businesses and small businesses alike to help draft legal documents to make businesses more productive. Clausehound offers a $10 per month DIY Legal Library which hosts tens of thousands of legal clauses, contracts, articles, lawyer commentaries and instructional videos. Find Clausehound.com where you see this logo.

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What voting rights do non-voting shareholders have?

A common question that entrepreneurs/inventors have when incorporating is how to structure the business. The options for structuring a business can be overwhelming, especially when it comes to determining the number of share classes to include in your corporation. Generally, founders will initially want to issue shares to themselves, their investors, and certain employees.

 

This share issuances will typically governed by a shareholders’ agreement and, if necessary, an employee stock option plan (ESOP).

Why employees, you ask?

Offering employees (or contractors) an option to purchase shares from the start of the company incentivizes employees to grow the company as if it’s theirs. It also works as a retention tool – encouraging the employee to stay with the company long-term.

 

What kind of shares should you issue to your employees?

Businesses usually issue non-voting shares to its employees. Issuing shares proves to drive the performance of employees, but founders still want to maintain control over critical decision-making for the business.

Source

 

Are non-voting shares really non-voting?

Although called ‘non-voting shares’, there are certain situations where the legislation under which the corporation was incorporated will give non-voting shareholders the right to vote.

 

For example, Sections 170(1) and (3) of the Ontario Business Corporations Act (OBCA) states that non-voting shareholders may vote on resolutions to amend the corporation’s articles of incorporation if the amendment is related to:

 

  • Changing the maximum number of authorized shares of the non-voting class;

  • Changing the rights, privileges, restrictions or conditions attached to the shares of the non-voting class, or equal to or greater than the non-voting shares class;

  • Changing restrictions related to the issue, transfer or ownership of the shares of the non-voting class;

  • Increasing the maximum number of authorized shares of a class having rights or privileges equal to or greater than the non-voting shares class;

  • Exchanging, re-classifying or cancelling shares in the non-voting class;

  • Creating a new class of shares equal to or greater than the non-voting share class; or

  • Allowing a class of shares to be exchanged for the non-voting class shares.

They will also be able to vote on proposed amalgamations that will affect their share class. In short, non-voting shareholders will have a right to vote on resolutions that will have an impact on the rights attached to their share class (but not necessarily on all resolutions that will have a business impact on them as shareholders). The reasoning behind these exceptions is to prevent the voting shareholders from impairing the rights of the non-voting shareholders, and to prevent the voting majority from oppressing the non-voting shareholders in this way.

 

To view a sample articles of incorporation, click here!

 

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This article is provided for informational purposes only and does not create a lawyer-client relationship with the reader. It is not legal advice and should not be regarded as such. Any reliance on the information is solely at the reader’s own risk. Clausehound.com is a legal tool geared towards entrepreneurs, early-stage businesses and small businesses alike to help draft legal documents to make businesses more productive. Clausehound offers a $10 per month DIY Legal Library which hosts tens of thousands of legal clauses, contracts, articles, lawyer commentaries and instructional videos. Find Clausehound.com where you see this logo.

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What rights can you not sign away in a contract?

The power to contract is extremely broad, but that doesn’t mean the power is limitless. You can’t contract to perform illegal activities and you certainly can’t contract away constitutional rights. Contracts won’t be enforceable if they’re unconscionable and, in making enforceability determinations, courts give significant weight to public policy.

 

Two examples of such public policy considerations relevant to many commercial agreements deal with (i) an author’s moral rights; and (ii) each person’s right to compete in the marketplace.

 

1. Moral Rights

 

Moral rights: an author’s rights to attribution, integrity, and association of his or her work.

 

Moral rights prohibit other people from distorting or modifying the work to the prejudice of the author. As a result, only the author may have these rights, and they cannot be assigned to anyone else. However, by waiving those rights in a contract, an author can promise not to use those moral rights against others.

 

If other IP rights in the work have been transferred to you, depending on how you intend to use the work, the author’s moral rights may need to be waived. For example, if you intend to conduct research, a waiver of the moral rights would allow you to use the material as a part of a bigger project. If moral rights are not waived, any integration or modification to the author’s material would be an infringement of the author’s moral rights.

 

To avoid liability and ensure that you have complete rights to use the work of the author, a standard moral rights clause should be included in any IP agreement. For example, most software development agreements will include a moral rights waiver clause in addition to an assignment of IP clause.

 

Source

2. Right to Economic Competition: Non-Disclosure, Non-Solicit, & Non-Compete

 

Our economy is based on competition in the marketplace, and the courts have been reluctant to enforce contractual provisions that place unnecessary restraints on trade. In other words, the courts have placed limits on the extent to which they will permit a person to ‘give away’ their right to compete in the marketplace.

 

At the same time, the courts have tried to balance  ‘restraints on trade’ with legitimate efforts to protect a business’ confidential information, or efforts to protect against unfair competition.

 

The enforceability of the ‘restrictive covenants’ clauses: non-disclosure (of confidential information), non-solicitation (of employees or customers or business opportunities), and non-competition (with the business of the company), will depend on whether the particular clause is too restrictive.

For example, a temporary restriction on competition might be justified in order to prohibit an employee from using knowledge about the employer to unfairly take advantage of the employer and to cause injury to the employer’s business, but a restriction that goes so far as to make it impossible for the individual former employee to earn a living in their chosen profession will not likely be enforced.

 

To be enforceable, a non-competition clause (for example) must include limitations of time, geography, and scope of activities. For all restrictive covenants, the clauses must be unambiguous and reasonable (reasonably necessary to protect the other party) in order to be enforceable. Courts are hesitant to enforce restrictive covenants and only do so when it is necessary to prevent unfair business practices.

 

Source

 

If you are subject to a restrictive covenant, make sure you understand the specific limitations to your activities, and seek legal advice about whether it is enforceable against you.

 

If you choose to include a restrictive covenant in a contract with another party, take the time to ensure that the limitations are clear, reasonable, and that you have objective evidence to show that they are only as restrictive as is required to protect your legitimate interests. Otherwise, if they are too restrictive, they might be completely unenforceable – and you will end up with no restrictions.

 

Clauses of this nature can be found in a variety of agreements, such as

 

For agreement templates and samples of clauses discussed here, check out Clausehound’s Small Business Law Library!

 

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This article is provided for informational purposes only and does not create a lawyer-client relationship with the reader. It is not legal advice and should not be regarded as such. Any reliance on the information is solely at the reader’s own risk. Clausehound.com is a legal tool geared towards entrepreneurs, early-stage businesses and small businesses alike to help draft legal documents to make businesses more productive. Clausehound offers a $10 per month DIY Legal Library which hosts tens of thousands of legal clauses, contracts, articles, lawyer commentaries and instructional videos. Find Clausehound.com where you see this logo.

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As an Inventor, Should I Sign an Invention Assignment Agreement?

An Invention Assignment Agreement, often known as an Intellectual Property (“IP”) Transfer Agreement, is an agreement where one party assigns its intellectual property rights to the other party, either absolutely or subject to compliance with the terms of the underlying agreement.

 

This means the inventor (eg. software developer) assigning his/her rights can no longer claim the property as their invention. The property now belongs to the person to whom the rights have been transferred.

Be on the look-out for these obligations!

As the agreement is generally brought forward by the company, an IP Transfer Agreement often favors an ‘assignee’. Here are some clauses to look out for if you are the inventor, or ‘assignor’:

  • Assignment of Intellectual Property – As the inventor, you should confirm what specific rights you are transferring to ensure that the company does not have sole right over any IP you will be using for future products you develop independently. You may choose to exclude your background IP and your IP toolsets from the assignment of intellectual property.

  • Release – some agreements will include a clause that states the assignor will not bring any legal action in relation to the transfer of their IP. This could prevent you from suing for any breach by the assignee of the underlying contract.

  • Third Party Infringement – The to-be-owner of your IP  will often want to ensure that the invention they are receiving does not contain any intellectual property of another third party, or that if it does, there is no breach of the third party’s rights. They want to confirm they will not have unexpected legal proceedings due to this transfer. The inventor should make sure that by transferring their invention, they are not using any third party IP without permission from the third party.

  • Other Representation and Warranties – Depending on the assignment, the assignor may include a number of representations and warranties, including: (a) no licenses granted to third parties; (b) the assigned IP is original work and has not been copied; and (c) there are no pending legal proceedings in relation to the assigned IP.

Should I sign?

There can be a number of reasons to sign an IP Transfer Agreement, including:

  • You are developing/have developed the work solely for the sale of such work, and the transfer is a condition of payment for the work;

  • You are an employee or shareholder of the assignee company; or

  • You are selling a company and the purchaser has made the IP transfer to the company a condition of the sale.

For examples of IP Transfer Agreements and the clauses discussed in this blog, check out Clausehound’s Small Business Law Library!

This blog was co-authored by Vi Vo.

 

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This article is provided for informational purposes only and does not create a lawyer-client relationship with the reader. It is not legal advice and should not be regarded as such. Any reliance on the information is solely at the reader’s own risk. Clausehound.com is a legal tool geared towards entrepreneurs, early-stage businesses and small businesses alike to help draft legal documents to make businesses more productive. Clausehound offers a $10 per month DIY Legal Library which hosts tens of thousands of legal clauses, contracts, articles, lawyer commentaries and instructional videos. Find Clausehound.com where you see this logo.

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Is it legal for a company to ask an employee to sign an NDA after the employee has started working?

Today’s job market is tough, so when an employment opportunity presents itself, many jump at the chance and take the job. You might notice that the offer letter you accepted in lieu of a full-fledged employment agreement (which, along with other documents, you were promised would be delivered soon) may include terms which are different from those included in the contract itself. Usually that’s not an issue for employees – you have a job now! You can clarify what the contract terms are, and sign it so you can start getting paid!

 

But suppose you have started work and the employer now requires you to sign an additional contract, like a confidentiality agreement or non-disclosure agreement (NDA). You don’t want to lose your job, so you will likely sign. Will you be bound by this NDA? The answer is both yes and no – it depends on whether there has been fresh consideration for the new contract.

 

Offer, acceptance, and consideration

A contract is legally binding if it is composed of three parts: an offer of a contract from one party to the other; an acceptance by the other party of those terms; and consideration, something of value that each party has and will exchange with one another (e.g., money, services, promises).

 

Fresh Consideration  

When an employee is presented with a new set of terms or a new agreement, it is not considered to be enforceable unless consideration is present. But the courts have held that that consideration cannot be the same as previously offered or given—it has to be more, and this is called “fresh consideration.”

 

The Ontario Court of Appeal recently considered the question, in Holland v. Hostopia Inc. (2015) (ONCA). The court stated that simply keeping the job you are entitled to keep is not fresh consideration that will support the signing of another contract (like an NDA). On the other hand, not being dismissed when you could legally be dismissed will be fresh consideration. Whether the employer can require you to sign the new contract as a condition of keeping your employment may depend on whether you could have been legally ‘let go’ even if you did not sign the new contract.

 

What will count as fresh consideration? Continuing in a job when the employer was entitled to let you go is fresh consideration. Offering a bonus can be fresh consideration (even if the bonus is a modest amount). Some other forms of fresh consideration can include “an increase of vacation pay, notice requirements, life insurance, severance pay, or health and dental benefits.” Note that any one of these things by itself could be sufficient to be considered to be fresh consideration. 

Source

No Consideration

Employers are sometimes tempted to avoid the need for fresh consideration by including the following sort of clause: “The party affirms that the terms stated herein are the only consideration for signing this Agreement and that no other representations, promises, or agreements of any kind have been made by any person or entity to cause them to sign this Agreement.

The party affirms that this consideration is sufficient. The party has accepted the terms of this Agreement because they believe them to be fair and reasonable for no other reason.”

 

If you are an employer who wants to have an existing employee sign another contract, be wary of relying on such clauses… the courts will look at whether you actually gave something new to the employee as fresh consideration in exchange for signing the contract.

 

So, is it legal to ask an employee to sign an NDA after the employee has started working? Yes, and no! When drafting the employment agreement, it is wise to include a clause requiring the employee to execute such further documents and agreements as the employer deems reasonably necessary – and then, when they sign those documents, remember to give some fresh consideration with the agreement.

 

To see standard versions of the various agreements and contracts discussed in this article, visit our Small Business Law Library!

 

This blog was co-written by Alina Butt.

 

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This article is provided for informational purposes only and does not create a lawyer-client relationship with the reader. It is not legal advice and should not be regarded as such. Any reliance on the information is solely at the reader’s own risk. Clausehound.com is a legal tool geared towards entrepreneurs, early-stage businesses and small businesses alike to help draft legal documents to make businesses more productive. Clausehound offers a $10 per month DIY Legal Library which hosts tens of thousands of legal clauses, contracts, articles, lawyer commentaries and instructional videos. Find Clausehound.com where you see this logo.

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Can I Exclude a Loss of Profits in My Limitation of Liability Clause?

Landing a huge contract is exciting – and risky! The stakes are high when a large proportion of your business’ resources are dedicated to an important project – especially if the contract is terminated prematurely by the customer.

As drafters of commercial agreements, we understand how important it is to our clients to limit or exclude their liability as much as possible, whether they are the customer or the service provider. At the same time, we know you need to be paid for your services.

 

 

A recent case, Atos IT Solutions and Services v Sapient Canada Inc, highlighted a number of issues that can arise in a claim for breach of an IT services contract. The defendant, Sapient, subcontracted work to the plaintiff, Siemens, in connection with a $49.5M project to build a single software platform; convert existing data to the platform; and provide support for the new platform for up to three years. The defendant terminated the contract early, and the plaintiff sued for damages, including lost profits.

One of the issues was whether the plaintiff could sue for loss of profits (a whopping $3,575,990) even though ‘loss of profits’ was excluded in the limitation of liability clause. The clause provided that the parties “will be liable to the other with respect to this agreement and any other obligations related thereto only for direct damages…” Neither party was to be liable for “any indirect, special,consequential, punitive or for loss of profits (collectively “Excluded Damages”), even if the other party has been advised of the possibility of such damages…”

 

Source

 

The court held that the excluded damages applied only to indirect loss of profits, for example opportunities lost because of the acceptance of the contract, but did not apply to the direct loss of profits resulting from early termination of the project.

In relation to damages, a key principle of contract law is to place the plaintiff in the same position they would have been in had the contract been performed (i.e. make the plaintiff “whole”). In this case, the contract for up to three years of support services was priced on a fixed fee basis, and was a reliable indication of the amount of loss of direct profits.

Lessons learned from Atos:

1. The significance of  drafting a tight limitation of liability clause that takes into account the reasonable expectations of the parties and common law interpretations of similar clauses cannot be understated. While no claim for indirect loss of profits was made in this case, the court implied that the language of the limitation clause, which is similar to many clauses found in various commercial contracts, can exclude indirect profits.

2. If you want the protection of being able to claim for a loss of direct profits, it is important to specifically include that right in your contract without inadvertently limiting it in the limitation provisions.

 

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This article is provided for informational purposes only and does not create a lawyer-client relationship with the reader. It is not legal advice and should not be regarded as such. Any reliance on the information is solely at the reader’s own risk. Clausehound.com is a legal tool geared towards entrepreneurs, early-stage businesses and small businesses alike to help draft legal documents to make businesses more productive. Clausehound offers a $10 per month DIY Legal Library which hosts tens of thousands of legal clauses, contracts, articles, lawyer commentaries and instructional videos. Find Clausehound.com where you see this logo.

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Should I ask potential investors to sign an NDA before pitching my idea?

A startup, like any new business, is inherently risky, and you’ll want the venture to be as financially and legally secure as possible. But more than that, it’s kind of your baby. It’s something that you have created, and obviously you don’t want someone taking that away from you.

 

So it seems to make sense to want to make every potential investor you show your work to sign a non-disclosure agreement (NDA). It’s meant to keep an investor from having the ability to pass off your hard work to someone else and cut your competitive advantage.


 

It is very likely however, that a potential investor will refuse to sign an NDA before you’ve even gotten halfway through sliding it across the desk towards them. In some circles, it’s actually considered a faux pas.

 

It’s usually not worth it at this point in the relationship

A non-disclosure agreement is meant to keep the potential investor from spreading the confidential information (here, your idea) they have received from you. It  is essentially a promise to keep a secret, and if the investor doesn’t keep it, you have an enforceable legal action available to you. The reality is however, that it is only effective if you can afford to go to court to enforce it.

 

Consider the following points:

  • Though an NDA is meant to build trust on the side of the startup, the vibe an investor will get is, “If you do X, I can sue you.” That sort of attitude will not get you any traction in the tight-knit world of investors.

  • You may not have a lot of cash to successfully pursue a claim based on your NDA—after all, you’re a startup that’s strapped for cash. Isn’t that why you’re looking for investors in the first place? And what other investor wants their money spent on this litigation? Having outstanding litigation may just deter other investors from investing in your company.

  • The life cycle of a startup is potentially like a shooting star, burning bright and ending quickly, so time is of the essence. The courts are notoriously slow—you can’t wait to enforce it anyway.

Instead, strike a balance

You don’t want to come on too strong on the first date, so don’t bring an NDA to your first meeting with a potential investor. That’s a bit too much commitment, and you might not have anticipated all the things that go with it.

 

So here’s a suggestion: strike a balance by changing the way you pitch your idea to investors. If you aren’t comfortable with what you’re sharing, perhaps you’re oversharing. It would be a good idea to consult an intellectual property or patent lawyer to see if you’re at risk of overexposure.

 

A good first pitch is one that gives the investor just a taste. Hook them in with the big idea in all its novelty, and support it with an outline of your business plan, what specific market need it addresses, and an assurance that with how you’re approaching the idea, it would be hard for anyone else to duplicate. Don’t rely upon the technical details of how the idea works, focus on what it does and can do. Save the rest for when that investor is seriously interested— and bring your NDA to that meeting.

 

To see a standard non-disclosure agreement and other documents you may want when securing an investment, visit our Small Business Law Library!

This blog was co-authored by Alina Butt.

 

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This article is provided for informational purposes only and does not create a lawyer-client relationship with the reader. It is not legal advice and should not be regarded as such. Any reliance on the information is solely at the reader’s own risk. Clausehound.com is a legal tool geared towards entrepreneurs, early-stage businesses and small businesses alike to help draft legal documents to make businesses more productive. Clausehound offers a $10 per month DIY Legal Library which hosts tens of thousands of legal clauses, contracts, articles, lawyer commentaries and instructional videos. Find Clausehound.com where you see this logo.

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